Vignette crit’air obligatoire ou pas ?

La vignette crit’air est un badge apposé sur le pare-brise d’un véhicule dans le but d’indiquer son niveau de pollution. Encore appelée certificat qualité de l’air, cette pastille permet aux autorités territoriales d’améliorer la qualité de l’air en régulant la circulation.

En effet, cette régulation pourrait permettre d’éviter des milliers de décès liés à la pollution atmosphérique. Est-ce pour autant que le certificat qualité de l’air est obligatoire ?

Quand est-ce que la vignette crit’air est obligatoire ?

La vignette crit’air est obligatoire dans certaines circonstances pour tous les véhicules. Ainsi, les voitures, les autos-cars, les poids lourds et même les engins à deux roues sont concernés par ce badge. Dans les milieux où des mesures restrictives permanentes ou temporaires sont prises par rapport à la circulation, cette vignette s’impose.

La vignette crit’air est obligatoire dans les zones à faibles émissions mobilité

Dans les ZFE-m (Zones à Faible Émission mobilité), les véhicules jugés trop polluants peuvent se voir refuser l’accès. Les mesures restrictives sont prises de façon permanente. Cependant, les limitations peuvent être levées à certains moments de la journée. Les vignettes crit’air se déclinent en six catégories qui classent les véhicules en fonction de plusieurs critères. Il s’agit notamment :

  • de leur type (voiture légère, poids lourd, deux roues, etc.) ;
  • de leur motorisation (essence, diesel, électrique, etc.) ;
  • et de leur norme européenne d’émission polluante.

Il faut noter que la norme européenne est fonction de la date de la première immatriculation. Plus le numéro de vignette crit’air est élevé, plus le véhicule est polluant. Les véhicules équipés de vignette crit’air de niveau zéro sont les véhicules électriques ou ceux qui roulent à l’hydrogène. La vignette crit’air de niveau 1 concerne les voitures à gaz, hybrides ou à essence immatriculées à partir du 1er janvier 2011.

La vignette crit’air niveau 2 est apposée sur les véhicules à essence immatriculés entre janvier 2006 et décembre 2010. C’est aussi le cas pour les véhicules diesel immatriculés à partir du 1er janvier 2011. La vignette crit’air niveau 3 concerne les véhicules à essence immatriculés entre janvier 1997 et décembre 2005. Les véhicules diesel immatriculés entre janvier 2006 et décembre 2010 sont également inclus.

Pour ce qui est de la vignette crit’air niveau 4, elle s’applique aux véhicules immatriculés entre janvier 2001 et décembre 2005. Quant à la vignette crit’air niveau 5, elle inclut les véhicules immatriculés entre janvier 1997 et décembre 2000.

La vignette crit’air est obligatoire en cas de pic de pollution

Lorsque les niveaux de pollution atteignent un pic, les autorités locales prennent des mesures temporaires de circulation différée. Ainsi, seules certaines catégories de véhicules sont autorisées à circuler pendant cette période. À Paris par exemple, ce sont les véhicules avec une vignette crit’air de niveau 0 à 2 qui sont autorisés à rouler.

La vignette crit’air intervient ici en remplacement de la circulation alternée. Celle-ci impliquait lors des pics de pollution une circulation en fonction du dernier chiffre d’immatriculation. Les véhicules aux numéros pair et impair devaient donc se déplacer en alternance chaque jour de restriction. Seuls les véhicules titulaires d’une vignette verte étaient dispensés de ces mesures. Dorénavant, des critères plus pointus sont considérés dans la mise en place des règles de circulation lors des pics de pollution.

Qui peut être exempté du port de la vignette crit’air ?

Sachez que certains véhicules sont dispensés des mesures restrictives de circulation établies par les collectivités locales. C’est le cas des véhicules du service public tels que ceux de police, du SAMU, des pompiers ou encore des corbillards. Il en est de même pour les véhicules des entreprises publiques, des transports à faible émission et du ministère de la Défense.

Les engins agricoles ou de chantier sont également exemptés du port de la vignette crit’air. Ils ne sont pas soumis aux restrictions de circulation. En outre, les véhicules immatriculés avant 1997 n’ont pas droit au port de vignette crit’air. En revanche, ils sont systématiquement exclus de la circulation en cas de mesures restrictives ou temporaires.

Pour les véhicules utilisés par les personnes à mobilité réduite, il existe des dérogations pour leur permettre de contourner les restrictions. Ils doivent cependant disposer d’une carte mobilité inclusion avec mention stationnement pour personnes handicapées et d’une vignette crit’air. Par ailleurs, les véhicules de collection peuvent aussi se voir accorder une dérogation.

Les règles quant à leur circulation sont fixées localement et varient d’une région à l’autre. Il faudra donc vous renseigner auprès de votre mairie si vous en possédez une. Les véhicules de collection sont ceux dont la conception date de plus de 30 ans et qui ne sont plus industrialisés.

À quelles sanctions s’expose-t-on lorsqu’on ne détient pas sa vignette crit’air ?

En circulant dans une ZFE-m sans vignette crit’air, vous vous exposez à payer une amende pouvant aller jusqu’à 450 €. Ordinairement, une amende forfaitaire de 68 € est appliquée pour les véhicules légers. Pour ce qui est des bus et autres poids lourds, ceux-ci écopent généralement d’une amende de 135 €.

La pénalité peut être majorée en cas de non-paiement dans les temps. En ne respectant pas les mesures de circulation lors d’un pic de pollution, les mêmes sanctions sont encourues. Ce sont des infractions qui peuvent conduire à l’immobilisation du véhicule et à sa mise en fourrière. Aussi, disposer d’une vignette crit’air illisible est considéré comme une infraction en dépit de sa durée de validité illimitée.

Visiting Disneyland, Paris? You may need a Crit’Air Emissions Pass

What could be more magical than Disneyland in Paris? Just be prepared, if planning to drive a vehicle there you may need a Crit’Air certificate

What is a Crit’Air certificate?

The Crit’Air pass is an Air Quality Certificate that assures your vehicle passed environmental emissions standards. It’s required to be displayed and visible on any vehicle traveling through France’s Environmental Zones. While permanent Environmental Zones are found only in central Paris, Grenoble and Lyon, at least 20 other French cities are developing some type of protective emissions zones. 

Disneyland, located in Chessy, is not yet inside France’s Environmental Zones. In fact, Disneyland is about 32 kilometers east of Paris, well outside the Environmental Zone. But if you expect to visit central Paris, or as more cities are added, you’ll need a current Crit’Air sticker on your vehicle when passing through Environmental Zones. 

How do I purchase a Crit’Air certificate?

Visit the official Crit’Air certification site and follow their directions. You’ll need to allow 10 days for mailed delivery of the Crit’Air sticker. The cost is €3.11 if within France, or € 4.51 if outside of France. 

If you’re renting a car in France to get to Disneyland, check with the car rental agency to assure their Crit’Air pass is up to date. If your vehicle is not registered in France, your first step is to send Crit’Air a copy of your car’s registration certificate as a .pdf, .png or .jpeg attachment, not to exceed 400KB.

The information needed to qualify for the Crit’Air certificate will be indicated in field V9 of your car’s registration certificate. If the vehicle doesn’t meet environmental standards, it will not be permitted inside the zones. 

Ready for Disneyland?

If you plan to drive through central Paris, then make sure you apply for the Crit’Air pass in time.

Crit’Air fines

In an attempt to reduce vehicle emissions, France has enforced the requirement of Crit’air (clean air) stickers in some of its cities. Some cities completely restrict access to certain vehicles that create too much pollution. Crit’air stickers are required for both residents and visitors, and not having one can result in a pricey fine. 

Continue reading below to learn about the different types of Crit’air stickers, fines, and more. 

Crit’air Sticker Categories

The stickers fall into six categories:

  • Green. These stickers are given to fully electric vehicles or any vehicle that doesn’t create emissions. 
  • Purple. Purple certificates are given to hybrid, Euro 5, and Euro 6 petrol cars.
  • Yellow. Yellow stickers go to Euro 4 petrol cars, and Euro 5 and 6 diesel vehicles.
  • Orange. This sticker is given to Euro 2 and Euro 3 petrol cars, and Euro 4 diesel automobiles.
  • Dark Red. This sticker is for Euro 3 diesel vehicles.
  • Dark Blue. Dark blue stickers are only for Euro 2 diesel vehicles.

Why Do Crit’air Stickers Exist?

The French government has always been looking for ways to clean up the air pollution, especially in cities with the most of it. The Crit’air system is a way to regulate which vehicles are allowed in certain areas to reduce harmful emissions. 

As of now, stickers are only required in some cities (Paris, Lyon, Lille, Strasbourg, Toulouse), but the French government plans to add more cities in the near future. Some cities only require Crit’air stickers during certain times but are almost always necessary.

What Are the Fines?

If you’re driving without a Crit’air sticker, you can pay a fine of anywhere between €68 and €135. Since getting a Crit’air sticker is incredibly easy (even for foreigners), there’s no reason to drive without one. You can apply for yours directly on the official Crit’air website or you can use a 3rd party agent who will guide you trough the Crit’Air application process for an extra fee.

Crit’Air Scheme

The Crit’Air scheme came into force in France to reduce air pollution from vehicles in key cities and larger towns. The scheme divides France into environmental zones, and cars driving through these zones require a sticker on the windscreen stating the vehicle’s emissions rating or else face serious fines. Depending on the sticker, drivers can permanently or temporarily face a ban from entering or parking certain environmental zones. 

Vehicles in the EU fall under distinct categories according to type, L, M, and N. 

  • L vehicles are motorcycles, tricycles, mopeds, and four-wheeled vehicles that weigh less than 400 kg. 
  • M vehicles carry passengers or cargo, which means personal vehicles with up to 8 seats, and buses with more than 8 seats. 
  • N vehicles are commercial trucks that transport cargo.

The Crit’Air stickers or vignettes come in six colors depending on their emission ratings and year of approval for use in the EU. 

TypeColorDescription 
Crit’Air EGreenZero emissions for electric and hydrogen vehicles 
Crit’Air 1Purple Gas and hybrid vehicles 
Crit’Air 2YellowEuro 5 (1 Jan 2011) and Euro 6 (September 2015) 
Crit’Air 3OrangeEuro 4 (1 Jan 2006)
Crit’Air 4BurgundyEuro 3 (1 Jan 2001)
Crit’Air 5Dark greyEuro 2 (1 Jan 1997)

Category L vehicles registered before June 2000 and Category M vehicles registered before January 1997 are not eligible for Crit’Air stickers. 

A study of each city or certain parts of a city help determine environmental zones, which are then designated into a category by law. ZFE (Zones à faibles émissions) or LEZ (Low Emission Zones) in English make up the entire permanent low emissions zones. 

The emergency low emissions zones or ZPA (Zone de la Protection de l’Air) impose restrictions temporarily when emissions tend to spike, usually at certain times of the day or weather conditions. 

Paris and Nancy plan to expand their ZFE regions, as well as Bordeaux, Grenoble-Alpes Métropole, Lille Metropole, Grand Lyon, among others. Drivers can find out their vehicle’s environmental class and order Crit’Air stickers at www.certificat-air.gouv.fr/demand

Sources

www.rac.co.uk/drive/news/motoring-news/law-change-for-uk-drivers-in-french-cities

Crit’Air application in English

Thanks to the internet, applying for a Crit’air sticker is incredibly straightforward. The online application process only requires a few clicks, so you can register your new vehicle in France without a headache or processing a rigorous amount of documents. Below, we’ll walk you through the Crit’air English application process. 

Vehicle Registration

The first step is to gather your vehicle registration documents. All the information you need to complete the application is on there, so it’s vital. You’ll also need to upload a photo of your registration on the official Crit’air website. Your vehicle registration will also determine the category of certificate you receive. 

Adding Your Vehicle

Here is where you put in all your vehicle’s details. For this part, you’ll need the following information:

  • Registration number
  • Date of first registration
  • Vehicle category
  • Type of fuel
  • Certificate issuing country 
  • Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
  • Make

Address

The Crit’air application will ask you for your address in France along with some other personal details.

Review

This part of the process is to review all of your vehicle and personal information for accuracy. After the review is complete, you’re ready to order your Crit’air sticker.

Payment

The cost of the sticker is €3.11 (plus postage and agency fees if you are applying trough a 3rd party agency). 

How do I get a Crit’Air sticker?

If you want to take your vehicle to France, you’ll need to get a Crit’air sticker. The certification categorizes vehicles depending on how much emissions they produce, helping to reduce air pollution. Certain vehicles may not be permitted access if they produce too many emissions. Every vehicle needs a Crit’air sticker, no matter if you’re a resident or visitor. 

So, how exactly do you get a Crit’air sticker? Continue reading below to see all sticker types, requirements, and which cities they’re needed in.

The certifications fall into six categories:

  • Green. Crit’air green stickers are given to fully electric vehicles or any car that doesn’t produce any emissions. 
  • Purple. Purple stickers are given to hybrid, Euro 5, and Euro 6 petrol vehicles.
  • Yellow. These stickers are given to Euro 4 petrol cars, and Euro 5 and 6 diesel automobiles.
  • Orange. The orange sticker is given to Euro 2 and Euro 3 petrol cars, and Euro 4 diesel vehicles.
  • Dark Red. This sticker is for Euro 3 diesel vehicles.
  • Dark Blue. Dark blue certificates are only for Euro 2 diesel vehicles.

Where To Get a Crit’air Sticker

Residents and visitors can get their Crit’air sticker directly from the Crit’air website. All applicants need is their vehicle registration certificate. The certificate itself is only €3.11 (plus postage and agency fee). However, it can take up to 6-weeks to obtain, so make sure you apply as early as possible. 

Which Cities Require a Crit’air Sticker?

Vehicles will need a Crit’air sticker if they plan to travel to Paris, Toulouse, Lille, Grenoble, Lyon, and Strasbourg. However, France is expecting to add more areas to the list in the next few years. Some cities only require the sticker during certain days and times, so be sure to check the cities local laws before setting off. 

Where do you need a Crit’Air certificate?

Crit’air is France’s contribution to European measures to reduce carbon emissions from motorised transport in its cities.  The scheme was developed by the French Ministry of the Environment in collaboration with the French Ministry of the Interior and came into force in January 2017.

Where does the Crit’Air system apply?

To drive within one of six French cities, you need to display your CRIT-air sticker.  

The cities currently covered include Paris, Lyon, Grenoble, Lille, Strasbourg, Toulouse, Chambery, and Marseille.

However, since the scheme may be expanded to other French cities and towns in the near future, it is advisable to obtain the sticker, regardless of where you plan to drive.  

I´m not driving to one of those cities. Do I still need a sticker?

There are several reasons why you should buy a Crit’air sticker, regardless of where in France you’re planning to drive.  These include:

  • The Crit-air sticker costs just €3.11 at the moment, plus postage
  • Crit’air certification lasts throughout the lifetime of your vehicle, making it economical to obtain certification while its cost is still low.
  • The scheme may be expanded beyond the cities listed above.
  • On the spot fines for non-compliance can range from €85 to €135, making this a very sensible investment!

Cars registered outside France are not exempt, so if you’re planning on driving in France, you’ll need to pick one up.  They cost just €3.11 plus postage.  Do allow plenty of time for this, as well – there have been reports of certificates taking up to six weeks to arrive.

The certificates come in the form of circular, colour-coded windscreen stickers (vignettes) that designate the level of emissions your vehicle produces.

I have a vintage car – what do I do?

Vehicles classed as Euro 1 (manufactured prior to 1st January 1997) cannot be certified, since they fall into the most polluting class.  This is particularly bad news for vintage car owners, who are not permitted to drive into the city centre between 8am and 8pm.

What Crit’Air sticker do I need?

Which CRIT’air Sticker Do I Need?

Crit’air is France’s contribution to European measures to limit the carbon emissions from motorised transport within urban environments.  The scheme was developed by the French Ministry of the Environment in collaboration with the French Ministry of the Interior and came into force in January 2017.

To drive within one of six French cities, you need to display your CRIT-air sticker.  The cities currently covered include Paris, Lyon, Grenoble, Lille, Strasbourg, Toulouse, Chambery, and Marseille.

The certificates come in the form of circular, colour-coded windscreen stickers (vignettes) that designate the level of emissions your vehicle produces.  You’ll be sent the sticker appropriate to your vehicle once you apply.

There are six in total, numbered and colour coded as follows:

VEHICLE CLASSES

Green (unnumbered) 100% electric or hydrogen-powered vehicles.

Purple (1; euro 5/6) Electric/petrol hybrid vehicles / petrol cars built since January 2011

Yellow (2; euro 4) Diesel vehicles built since January 2011

Petrol cars built between 1st Jan 2006 and 31st Dec 2010.

Orange (3; euro 2/3) Diesel vehicles built from 1st Jan 2006 to 31st Dec 2010

Petrol cars built from 1st Jan 1997 to 31st Dec 2005.

Red (4; euro 3) Diesel vehicles built from 1st Jan 2001 to 31st Dec 2005

Grey (5; euro 2) Diesel vehicles built from 1st Jan 1997 to 31st Dec 2000

Vehicles classed as Euro 1 (manufactured prior to 1st January 1997) cannot be certified, since they fall into the most polluting class.  

WHAT YOU’LL NEED

To find out which class your vehicle sits within and purchase your vignette, you’ll need to visit the application website here.  You’ll need to provide the following mandatory information:

  • Vehicle Type (Private Car, Light Commercial Vehicle, Motorcycle, Moped, Heavy Goods Vehicle
  • Energy Source (Electric, Hydrogen, Petrol, Diesel, Natural Gas, Hybrid)
  • Registration Certificate – you’ll be asked to attach a PDF or JPEG
  • Registration Date and Date of First Registration (for second-hand vehicles)
  • Registration Number
  • Certificate Issuing Country
  • Make of Vehicle
  • You can also input a “commercial description” of the vehicle and an indication of which emission category you think it fits within, but these fields are optional
  • You will have to pay the fee of €3.11 plus postage.

You can order the certificates and find all the information you need here.

What is a Crit’Air certificate?

Crit’air is France’s contribution to European measures to limit the carbon emissions from motorised transport within urban environments.  The scheme was developed by the French Ministry of the Environment in collaboration with the French Ministry of the Interior and came into force in January 2017.

To drive within one of six French cities, you need to display your CRIT-air sticker.  The cities currently covered include Paris, Lyon, Grenoble, Lille, Strasbourg, Toulouse, Chambery, and Marseille.

Depending on how your vehicle is classified, you may not be able to enter central Paris (for instance) or drive in the city during high-pollution episodes.  For more information on these restrictions, visit France’s environmental transition ministry here.

Cars registered outside France are not exempt, so if you’re planning on driving to any of the cities in which the scheme operates, you’ll need to pick one up.  They cost just €3.11 plus postage.  Do allow plenty of time for this, as well – there have been reports of certificates taking up to six weeks to arrive.

The certificates come in the form of circular, colour-coded windscreen stickers (vignettes) that designate the level of emissions your vehicle produces.

There are six in total, numbered and colour coded as follows:

Green (unnumbered) 100% electric or hydrogen-powered vehicles.

Purple (1; euro 5/6) Electric/petrol hybrid vehicles / petrol cars built since January 2011

Yellow (2; euro 4) Diesel vehicles built since January 2011

Petrol cars built between 1st Jan 2006 and 31st Dec 2010.

Orange (3; euro 2/3) Diesel vehicles built from 1st Jan 2006 to 31st Dec 2010

Petrol cars built from 1st Jan 1997 to 31st Dec 2005.

Red (4; euro 3) Diesel vehicles built from 1st Jan 2001 to 31st Dec 2005

Grey (5; euro 2) Diesel vehicles built from 1st Jan 1997 to 31st Dec 2000

Vehicles classed as Euro 1 (manufactured prior to 1st January 1997) cannot be certified, since they fall into the most polluting class.  This is particularly bad news for vintage car owners, who are not permitted to drive into the city centre between 8am and 8pm.

You can order the certificates and find all the information you need here.